It should be noted that the EU RoHS Directive banned the production of VTF bulbs, and EU directive on lighting energy efficiency has set minimum light bulb efficacy, which can not be achieved without significant mercury content so consequently the phase out production of VTNa bulbs is also expected. High environmental protection awareness is increasingly imposing high demands on new technologies, and LED meets these requirements in full.
LED lamps are fully compliant with RoHS requirements, they do not require additional expenses for the disposal of hazardous waste, they are consistent with the laws and requirements for preventing light pollution, they are compatible with the EU-Eco Design Directive and they achieve maximum energy efficiency and reduce energy consumption and costs, not only via decreasing energy costs, but also via reduction of maintenance costs up to 90%. That way reducing significantly the amount of emissions of harmful gases and that is the reason why National and EU funds generously co-finance and support such good projects of public lighting reconstruction using the new effective methods.
Energy savings compared to existing outdated public lighting, which are achieved by applying LED technologies, reach up to 80% in relation to the reference condition.
There are serious studies that cite new technology benefits and cost savings.
Worldwide lighting currently consumes approximately 19% of energy production, and nuclear power plants, 434 of them, generate 12.3% of world consumption. The consumption trend is in highly ascending direction. Out of total electricity consumption for lighting, over 3% is spent on public lighting.
The question for all of us is what it would mean if the public lighting consumption, by using LED technology, would reduce by 67%, i.e. to 1% of energy consumption for lighting? How much effect it would have on the elimination of the need for construction of new nuclear reactors or power plants using fossil fuels?
This all is the reason that the European Commission has published The Green Paper in December 2012., which states that Europe is lagging behind the United States in implementing new LED technologies, including China also, and that by 2020, 80% of the lighting in the EU should be replaced with new efficient LED technology means.
As regard to the numerous savings, reduced light pollution and environmental protection, and better illumination that can be achieved by implementing LED technology in street lighting and lighting in general, extensive National and EU legal regulations intensively promote and provide for the implementation of LED technology in the public lighting system.
The growth strategy of the EU for the current decade called Europe 2020 consists of five ambitious objectives to be achieved by 2020 and in the area of: employment, innovation, education, social inclusion and climate and energy.
The climate-energy measures are the base for sustainable growth in the EU, and therefore the central place in the framework of the 2020 Strategy occupies the climate-energy package of binding legislation called 20/20/20 which states the following objectives that need to be achieved in the EU by 2020:
The legal framework that promotes and regulates these objectives, particularly energy efficiency is really extensive.
Among the most important EU directives is the one that promotes energy efficiency and describes in detail the technology which is desirable for use regarding energy efficiency . Above mentioned Directive requires replacement of inefficient and environmentally unfriendly technologies and to ban them after a certain period. This applies to:
The consequence of the directive is the need and obligation of replacing approx. billion of lighting fixtures by 2018, of which there are 100 million street lamps and 900 million CFL lights.
In line with the directive and the so-called EC Green Paper of 2012, which gives the recommendation for the implementation of LED technology, guidelines are given for the widest use of LED technology in lighting stating that by the year 2020 there should be 80% of lighting in use based on LED technology.